What is the background of the symbol 'Om' and 'Swastika' in Hinduism?

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The symbol of 'Om' (Aum) and the swastika have deep cultural, religious and philosophical significance in Hinduism.

1. Ohm (Parrot):

  • - Sacred Sounds: Om is considered one of the most sacred sounds in Hinduism. It is often recited at the beginning and end of prayers, mantras, and meditations.
  • - Representation of God: Om is believed to represent the essence of ultimate reality or consciousness (Brahman) and the source of all existence. This includes the past, present, and future.
  • - Sound triad: Om is composed of his three notes A, U, and M and is the name of the Hindu god Brahma (Creator), Vishnu (Preserver), and Shiva (Destroyer) It represents the Trinity. The silence that follows the chanting of Om represents a transcendent reality beyond these gods.

2. Swastika:

  • - Ancient Symbol: The swastika is an ancient symbol that predates its association with Hinduism. It is found in various cultures around the world and is one of the oldest symbols used by humans.
  • - A symbol of auspiciousness: In Hinduism, the swastika is a symbol of auspiciousness, prosperity and good fortune. Often used for religious ceremonies, festivals, and religious items.
  • - Directional Symbolism: The arms of the swastika usually extend outward in a clockwise direction, symbolizing time, creation, and the cyclical nature of the universe. It can also represent the sun and its life-giving properties. - **Interpretation variations:** Different sects and traditions within Hinduism may have slightly different interpretations of the swastika, but a common theme is its association with positive cosmic forces.
It is important to note that although these symbols have deep religious meaning in Hinduism, they are also used in many different contexts around the world and can have different meanings in different cultures. Unfortunately, the swastika in particular was appropriated by the Nazis during World War II and is now associated with hatred and genocide in many parts of the world. However, in Hinduism, it is still a symbol of positive and auspicious qualities. Understanding these symbols requires a nuanced understanding of their cultural, historical, and religious context.