Gandhi Jayanti - 2 Oct, 2023: Know History and Life Journey of Mahatma Gandhi

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Gandhi Jayanti is an Indian national holiday celebrating the birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi, one of the most influential figures in modern history. This document will explore the life of Gandhi and his contributions to India's independence movement and to the world.

Early Life and Education

Birth and Childhood

Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, was born in Porbandar, India, on October 2, 1869, to a family of modest means. Growing up, Gandhi showed little interest in academics but was deeply spiritual.


Gandhi studied law in London and returned to India in 1891. He struggled to find work as a lawyer, so he accepted a job to represent an Indian firm in South Africa, where he became involved in the Indian nationalist movement.

Gandhi's Political Activism

"You must be the change you wish to see in the world."

Mahatma Gandhi

Gandhi's political activism began in South Africa, where he fought against the racial discrimination faced by Indians in the country. He returned to India in 1915 and joined the Indian National Congress. Gandhi promoted nonviolent resistance and civil disobedience as a means to achieve Indian independence from British rule.

Championing Nonviolent Civil Disobedience

Gandhi leading the Salt March in 1930 to protest British salt taxes

Gandhi believed that nonviolent civil disobedience could create change and that it was a moral duty to resist unjust laws. His tactics, including strikes and protests, were widely influential and have been adapted by social movements around the world.

Independence and Partition of India




Gandhi calls for various forms of non-cooperation against British rule


"Quit India" movement begins, calling for British withdrawal from India


British India is partitioned into India and Pakistan. India becomes an independent nation, but the partition leads to widespread violence and displacement.  

Gandhi's nonviolent resistance efforts and negotiations with the British government were instrumental in India's independence in 1947. However, the violence that accompanied the partition of India and the creation of Pakistan led to the displacement of millions and raised questions about the efficacy of nonviolence as a tactic.

Gandhi's Influence on World Leaders and Social Movements

  1. Martin Luther King Jr.

    King was heavily influenced by Gandhi's philosophy of nonviolence and civil disobedience in his own work in the Civil Rights Movement in the United States.

  2. Nelson Mandela

    Mandela drew inspiration from Gandhi's tactics during his struggle against apartheid in South Africa.

  3. The Dalai Lama

    The Dalai Lama has often spoken about how Gandhi has influenced his own nonviolent political activism.

Celebrating Gandhi Jayanti in India

Ceremonies and Tributes

  • On Gandhi Jayanti, a national holiday in India, citizens pay tribute to Gandhi through ceremonies, marches, and speeches at the Gandhi Smriti and Darshan Samiti, the site of Gandhi's assassination in Delhi.

Community Service

  • Many people also participate in community service activities inspired by Gandhi's ideals of service and charity.

Music and Film Festivals

  • Gandhi Jayanti is often celebrated with music, film, and dance festivals that showcase Gandhi's philosophy and impact on Indian culture.

Remembering Mahatma Gandhi's Legacy

  1. 1948

    Gandhi assassinated by Nathuram Godse

  2. 1982

    The United Nations declares Gandhi's birthday, October 2, as the International Day of Non-Violence

  3. 2007

    Gandhi named by Time magazine as one of the most influential people of the 20th century

Gandhi's legacy continues to influence social movements and political activism around the world. His philosophy of nonviolence and civil disobedience has inspired generations of activists seeking peaceful change in the face of oppression.