Central Sanskrit Universities Bill, 2020 - Parliament passes Central Sanskrit Universities Bill

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Central Sanskrit Universities Bill, 2020

The Central Sanskrit Universities Bill 2020, to provide Central University status to three universities in India, received President’s assent.
  • The Act aims to establish and incorporate Universities for teaching and research in Sanskrit, to develop all-inclusive Sanskrit promotional activities.
  • It is intended to convert India’s three deemed-to-be Sanskrit universities:
" Rashtriya Sanskrit Sansthan, New Delhi"
" Shri Lal Bahadur Shastri Rashtriya Sanskrit Vidyapeeth, New Delhi"
    " Rashtriya Sanskrit Vidyapeeth, Tirupati — into Central Sanskrit Universities"
    • The universities will function to promote Sanskrit at a global level and offer integrated courses in humanities, social sciences, and science along with.
    • Like at all central universities, the President of India will be the Visitor of the central Sanskrit universities.

    What the universities will do?

    The proposed central universities will: 
    •  Disseminate and advance knowledge for the promotion of Sanskrit
    •  Make special provisions for integrated courses in humanities, social sciences, and science.
    •  Train manpower for the overall development and preservation of Sanskrit and allied subjects.

    Constitutional provisions related to languages:

    •  There is no national language as declared by the Constitution of India.
    •  The Constitution lists Hindi written in Devanagari script as well as English as the official language to be used for official purposes such as parliamentary proceedings, judiciary, communications between the Central Government and a State Government.
    •  The Constitution imposes a duty upon the Centre to promote the spread and development of the Hindi language so that it may become the lingua franca of the composite culture of India.
    •  The Eighth Schedule to the Indian Constitution contains a list of 22 scheduled languages. The Government of India is under an obligation to take measures for the development of these languages.